ANTIMICROBIALS SELF MEDICATION AMONG PARAMEDICAL STUDENTS IN A NIGERIAN UNIVERSITY
Objective: Self-medication refers to selection and use of medicines by individuals to treat self-recognized illness and symptoms. It is widely practiced globally and often regarded as part of self-care. Though, unlike the other elements of self-care, it acts as a double-edged sword with the ability to do good as well as exposure to hazards because it employs use of drugs. The objective of this study was to assess prevalence of antibiotic self-medication among paramedical students of Usmanu Danfodiyo Sokoto, Nigeria.
Methods: It was questionnaire-based, cross-sectional study involving undergraduate paramedical students in a Nigerian University. Participants were selected by multistage sampling technique and data generated was analyzed using SPSS version 20.
Majority of the respondents were males and singles, 64(68%) and 84(89.4%) respectively. Age ranged 18-25 years for majority of respondents, 87(92.6%).
Results: Total 81.9% self-medicate with antimicrobials and penicillin was the most used antibiotic group 58(61.7%), and among the penicillin group, amoxicillin was the commonly used, 17(18.1%). There was no statistically significant association between gender, marital status and course of study with self-medication (X1=0.06, P=0.81; X1=0.028, P=0.87 and X3=2.28, P=0.52 respectively).
Conclusion: A high proportion of self-medication with antimicrobials was observed among the respondents of the study. However there was no statistically significant association of the medication with gender, marital status or course of study.
Peer Review History:
Received 17 June 2018; Revised 25 June; Accepted 4 July, Available online 15 July 2018
UJPR follows the most transparent and toughest ‘Advanced OPEN peer review’ system. The identity of the authors and, reviewers will be known to each other. This transparent process will help to eradicate any possible malicious/purposeful interference by any person (publishing staff, reviewer, editor, author, etc) during peer review. As a result of this unique system, all reviewers will get their due recognition and respect, once their names are published in the papers. We expect that, by publishing peer review reports with published papers, will be helpful to many authors for drafting their article according to the specifications. Auhors will remove any error of their article and they will improve their article(s) according to the previous reports displayed with published article(s). The main purpose of it is ‘to improve the quality of a candidate manuscript’. Our reviewers check the ‘strength and weakness of a manuscript honestly’. There will increase in the perfection, and transparency.
Average Peer review marks at initial stage: 5/10
Average Peer review marks at publication stage: 7.5/10
Name: Dr. Basanta Kumar Mohanty
Affiliation: University Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Comments of reviewer(s):