HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF ASPARAGUS RACEMOSUS ROOT EXTRACT ON LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDE INDUCED OXIDATIVE STRESS IN RATS
Objective: Lipopolysaccharide (endotoxin) produces an inflammatory condition leading to multiple organ failure. LPS most potent bacterial products are used for induction of host oxidative stress responses and liver injury.
Methods: Present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of Asparagus racemosus Willd. root extract in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced oxidative stress in rats by measuring oxidative stress markers, nitric oxide, liver function test and cytokines.
Results: The obtained data showed that LPS administration significantly reduced glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), total cholesterol (TC) and albumin (ALB). There was significant increase in malondialdehyde (MDA), cytokines activity, serum aspartate transaminase(AST), alanine transaminase(ALT), alkaline phosphate (ALP), total bilirubin (TB) and nitric oxide(NO).
Conclusion: The methanolic extract of Asparagus racemosus (MEAR) administration significantly (P<0.05) reduced LPS-induced oxidative stress by normalizing liver GSH, SOD, CAT, MDA, NO, cytokines and liver function markers. MEAR significantly increased ALB and TC level. Results suggest that MEAR protects the liver against liver toxicity induced by LPS.
Peer Review History:
Received 13 February 2019; Revised 15 February; Accepted 5 March, Available online 15 March 2019
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Average Peer review marks at initial stage: 5.5/10
Average Peer review marks at publication stage: 8/10
Name: Dr. A.A. Mgbahurike
Affiliation: University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Comments of reviewer(s):