OCCLUSAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PRIMARY DENTITION AMONG A SAMPLE OF YEMENI PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN

  • Lamia A.T. Bin Yehia Orthodontics, Pedodontics and Prevention Department Faculty of Dentistry, Sana'a University, Yemen.
  • Khaled A AL-Haddad Orthodontics, Pedodontics and Prevention Department Faculty of Dentistry, Sana'a University, Yemen.
  • Mohammed A Al-labani Orthodontics, Pedodontics and Prevention Department Faculty of Dentistry, Sana'a University, Yemen.
  • Hassan Abdulwahab Al-Shamahy Departement of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Sana’a University, Republic of Yemen.
  • Hussein M Shaga-aldeen Orthodontics, Pedodontics and Prevention Department Faculty of Dentistry, Sana'a University, Yemen.

Abstract

Objective: The occlusal features change dynamically in the growing children and any disruption in the complex craniofacial growth process may lead to malocclusion, which is a major concern for the pediatric community because of its effects on dental function and beauty, as well as on the child's psyche. The aim of the present study was to study the prevalence of different occlusal traits in the primary dentition of the randomly selected pre-school children from three to five years in the city of Sana’a, Yemen.


Methods: The study includes 1106 pre-school children subjected to a dental examination performed in the school premise, using the Foster and Hamilton criteria for occlusal traits. As well as inter- and intra-calibration tests were conducted for assessing the degree of agreeability.


Results: Results of the study showed that the Bilateral flush terminal molar relationship was found in 60%, bilateral mesial step in 27.9%, asymmetrical relationship in 8.5% and distal step in 3.5% of tested children. The Bilateral canine class I was detected in 62.8%, asymmetrical relationship (13.6%), class II (12.5%) and class III (11.1%). Normal over-jet (OJ) of 1-3 mm was identified in 39.2%, decreased OJ <1 mm (32.7%) and edge-to-edge (8.8%). Ideal over-bite (OB) of 1-50% was detected in 64.5% and increased OB of > 50% (19.7%).


Conclusion: In conclusion theBilateral flush terminal molar, class I canine relationships, normal overjet (OJ) of 1-3mm were the most commonly found sagittal occlusal traits in the current study. Ideal over-bite (OB) of 1-50% were identified in more than half of the children.


Peer Review History:


Received 2 February 2020;   Revised 21 February; Accepted 3 March, Available online 15 March 2020


UJPR follows the most transparent and toughest ‘Advanced OPEN peer review’ system. The identity of the authors and, reviewers will be known to each other. This transparent process will help to eradicate any possible malicious/purposeful interference by any person (publishing staff, reviewer, editor, author, etc) during peer review. As a result of this unique system, all reviewers will get their due recognition and respect, once their names are published in the papers. We expect that, by publishing peer review reports with published papers, will be helpful to many authors for drafting their article according to the specifications. Auhors will remove any error of their article and they will improve their article(s) according to the previous reports displayed with published article(s). The main purpose of it is ‘to improve the quality of a candidate manuscript’. Our reviewers check the ‘strength and weakness of a manuscript honestly’. There will increase in the perfection, and transparency.


Received file


pdf3.JPG


Average Peer review marks at initial stage: 5.5/10


Average Peer review marks at publication stage: 7.0/10


Reviewer(s) detail:


Name: Aya Mohammed Mohammed Essawy


Affiliation: MTI University- Mokattam, Egypt


E-mail: aya.essawy@gmail.com


 


Name: Dr. Nada Farrag


Affiliation: Misr International University, Egypt


E-mail: Nada_Hazem87@hotmail.com


Comments of reviewer(s):


word_icon_3.jpg


Similar Articles:


COCCIDIAN INTESTINAL PARASITES AMONG CHILDREN IN AL-TORBAH CITY IN YEMEN: IN COUNTRY WITH HIGH INCIDENCE OF MALNUTRITION


EVALUATION OF THE IMMUNE RESPONSE TO POLIO VACCINE IN MALNOURISHED CHILDREN IN SANA'A CITY


PREVALENCE AND POTENTIAL RISK FACTORS OF HEPATITIS B VIRUS IN A SAMPLE OF CHILDREN IN TWO SELECTED AREAS IN YEMEN

Keywords: Occlusal characteristics, primary dentition, pre-school children, Yemen
Statistics
27 Views | 15 Downloads
How to Cite
Yehia, L. A. B., K. A. AL-Haddad, M. A. Al-labani, H. A. Al-Shamahy, and H. M. Shaga-aldeen. “OCCLUSAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PRIMARY DENTITION AMONG A SAMPLE OF YEMENI PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN”. Universal Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 5, no. 1, Mar. 2020, doi:https://doi.org/10.22270/ujpr.v5i1.359.
Section
Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)