PREVALENCE OF RUBELLA IGG ANTIBODIES AMONG PRODUCTIVE-AGE ‎WOMEN IN AL-MAHWEET GOVERNORATE, YEMEN

  • Amatalkhaliq Abdullah Gobara'a Medical Laboratory Department, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Sana’a University, Yemen.
  • Wadhah Hassan Edrees Medical Laboratory Department, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Al-Razi University, Yemen
  • Wadee Abdullah Al-Shehari Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Ibb University, Yemen.
  • Anwar Al-Madhagi Medical Laboratory Department, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Sana’a University, Yemen.
  • Khaled Al-Moyed Medical Laboratory Department, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Sana’a University, Yemen.
  • Maged Mohammed Almezgagi Medical Laboratory Department, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Sana’a University, Yemen.
  • Alariqi Reem Medical Laboratory Department, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Sana’a University, Yemen.

Abstract

Background: Rubella is an infectious viral disease that caused by the Rubella virus. The incidence of rubella infection in women during pregnancy leads to complications for fetus development and cause congenital rubella syndrome or fetal death. This study aimed to determine the prevalence rate of rubella among reproductive-age women in Al-Mahweet, Yemen.


Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among females attending healthcare centers and schools from July 2007 to June 2008. Blood samples were collected individually from 270 females aged 15-35 years and the rubella virus IgG antibody was quantitated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The needed data were collected by using a pretested questionnaire and analyzed by statistical program.


Results: Overall, 197(73%) had IgG-positive antibody to rubella and 73(27%) had IgG-negative antibody to rubella. The highest rate of anti-rubella IgG was among females aged 15-25 years and the lowest was among the females aged 31-35 years. Similarly, the higher rate was among females living in urban area compared to females from rural area. The statistically significant difference was found between most educational levels and positive results of anti-rubella IgG. With regard to marital status, the most frequent of rubella antibody was 72.3%, 73.1%, and 75.0%, respectively, recorded among single, married, and divorced females. The non-pregnant women had (73.7%) more incidence to rubella IgG antibody than pregnant (66.7%). 82.2% of IgG- positive women had no history of stillbirth and 65% had a history of stillbirth.


Conclusions: Most of the enrolled females had immunity against rubella virus, but still a significant percentage were susceptible to rubella infection. Thus, it is essential to introduce of rubella vaccine to control and prevent the rubella virus circulating among the community.


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Peer Review History:


Received 20 July 2020; Revised 11 August; Accepted 22 August, Available online 15 September 2020


Academic Editor: Dr. DANIYAN Oluwatoyin Michaelorcid22.jpg, Obafemi Awolowo University, ILE-IFE, Nigeria, toyinpharm@gmail.com


UJPR follows the most transparent and toughest ‘Advanced OPEN peer review’ system. The identity of the authors and, reviewers will be known to each other. This transparent process will help to eradicate any possible malicious/purposeful interference by any person (publishing staff, reviewer, editor, author, etc) during peer review. As a result of this unique system, all reviewers will get their due recognition and respect, once their names are published in the papers. We expect that, by publishing peer review reports with published papers, will be helpful to many authors for drafting their article according to the specifications. Auhors will remove any error of their article and they will improve their article(s) according to the previous reports displayed with published article(s). The main purpose of it is ‘to improve the quality of a candidate manuscript’. Our reviewers check the ‘strength and weakness of a manuscript honestly’. There will increase in the perfection, and transparency.


 Received file:blue_23983.gif                Reviewer's Comments:download_logo_r_29189.gif


Average Peer review marks at initial stage: 6.0/10


Average Peer review marks at publication stage: 8.0/10


Reviewer(s) detail:


Dr. A.A. Mgbahurikeorcid2.jpg, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria, amaka_mgbahurike@yahoo.com


Dr. Tamer Elhabibiorcid2.jpg, Egyptian Russian University, Egypt, Tamer_elhabibi@yahoo.com


Rawaa S. Al-Kayaliorcid2.jpg, Aleppo university, biochemistry and microbiology department, Syria, Rawah67@hotmail.com


Rola jadallahorcid2.jpg, Arab American University, Palestine, rolla.jadallah@aaup.edu


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Keywords: Al-Mahweet, Antibody, IgG, Prevalence, Rubella virus, Women, Yemen

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