COMPARISON BETWEEN THE EFFECTS OF THYMOQUINONE OBTAINED FROM THE SEEDS OF NIGELLA SATIVA AND VERAPAMIL ON THE VOLUME AND ACIDITY OF GASTRIC ACID SECRETION
Background and Objectives: The over production of gastric acid results in peptic ulcer. This study was done to compare the effects of thymoquinone and Verapamil on volume and acidity of carbachol induced gastric secretion.
Methods: There were 24 rabbits used, weighing 1-1.5 kg. The rabbits were kept on fasting for 48 hours. After fasting, the pylorus of each rabbit was ligated. Thymoquinone 5 mg/kg, Carbachol 600mg/kg and Verapamil 10 mg/kg body weight were administered intraperitoneally. Pylorus ligation method was used for getting gastric contents and titration method was used for finding out acidity.
Results: Verapamil has been proved very effective for the treatment of many diseases. The drug verapamil inhibits the release of histamine, acetylcholine and gastrin. Verapamil has also shown effects in reducing the secretion of gastric acid. It was found that Thymoquinone reduced the volume, free and total acidity of gastric secretion, which were statistically highly significant when compared with Carbachol (P=0.000) but when we compared the results of Thymoquinones with that of Verapamil, it was non-significant.
Conclusions: It was concluded that Thymoquinone can be used for the treatment of peptic ulcer and all other diseases which are caused by increased gastric acidity like dyspepsia, gastritis and reflux esophagitis.
Peer Review History:
Received 8 July 2020; Revised 14 August; Accepted 6 September, Available online 16 September 2020
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