DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF RITONAVIR HOLLOW MICROBALLOONS FOR FLOATING DRUG DELIVERY

  • Uroko Robert Ikechukwu Department of Biochemistry, College of Natural Science, Micheal Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria.
  • Dingwoke Emeka John Francis Department of Biochemistry, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
  • Ambi A A Department of Biochemistry, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.

Abstract

Objective: Ritonavir is human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) protease inhibitor used as the antiretroviral agent. The objective of the present investigation was to formulate and evaluate Ritonavir gastro-retentive floating microballoons for controlled release. Methods: Five batches of microballoons were prepared by the emulsion solvent diffusion method. The resultant microballoons were evaluated for percentage yield, entrapment efficiency, particle size, and in vitro drug release, stability study.


Results: The densities of floating microspheres were found to be less than the density of gastric fluid (1.004 g/cm3). The entrapment efficiency of prepared floating microspheres was satisfactory (68.37 to 88.52%). Among all formulations, FM1 prepared with polymer HPMC was found to be the best as it exhibited highest drug release (89.07%) in 12 hrs and was stable for three months at ambient conditions.


Conclusion: Study concludes that Ritonavir can be delivered in the form of floating hollow microballoons in an efficient way. Based on different evaluation parameters, formulations of batch FM1 were found to an optimum formulation.


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Peer Review History:


Received 5 April 2017;   Revised 9 May; Accepted 12 May, Available online 15 May 2017


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Received file


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Average Peer review marks at initial stage: 3.5/10


Average Peer review marks at publication stage: 7.5/10


Reviewer(s) detail:


Name: Dr. Maha Khalifa Ahmed Khalifa


Affiliation: Al-Azhar Universit - Cairo, Egypt 


E-mail: mahakhalifa.ahmed@hotmail.com


 


Name: Prof. Dr. Amani S. Awaad


Affiliation: College of Pharmacy, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj. KSA


E-mail: amaniawaad@hotmail.com


Comments of reviewer(s):


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Keywords: Hollow microballoons, floating drug delivery, Ritonavir, in vitro drug release, gastro-retentive.
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How to Cite
Ikechukwu, U., D. Francis, and A. A. “DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF RITONAVIR HOLLOW MICROBALLOONS FOR FLOATING DRUG DELIVERY”. Universal Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 2, no. 2, Mar. 2017, doi:https://doi.org/10.22270/ujpr.v2i2.R3.
Section
Research Articles