A REVIEW OF BREAST CANCER RISK FACTORS

  • Fakhsheena Anjum Dow College of Pharmacy, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Nighat Razvi Department of Pharmacy, Nazeer Hussain University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Amir Maqbool Karachi Institute of Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Noor Jahan Dow College of Pharmacy, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan

Abstract

Breast cancer is a commonly diagnosed neoplastic ailment in females particularly near menopause. This ailment signifies a substantial health problem as it has influenced a large number of women. Several risk factors are associated with breast cancer that cannot be altered, but certain can be modified. The existence of risk factors of breast carcinoma does not mean that cancer is unavoidable; numerous females having risk factors not ever developed the disease. The risk factors aid in identifying the females who may get help at maximum from screening or other precautionary measures. It is noteworthy that breast carcinoma can also ensue in females with no recognizable risk factors. The augmented occurrence of breast cancer worldwide revealed by several epidemiological investigations indicates the need of aiming multidirectional investigations so as to ascertain risk factors linked with the incidence of this disease.


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Peer Review History:


Received 16 September 2017;   Revised 2 October; Accepted 22 October, Available online 15 November 2017


Academic Editor: Dr. DANIYAN Oluwatoyin Michaelorcid22.jpg, Obafemi Awolowo University, ILE-IFE, Nigeria, toyinpharm@gmail.com


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Average Peer review marks at initial stage: 4.5/10


Average Peer review marks at publication stage: 7.0/10


Reviewer(s) detail:


Dr. Tanveer Ahmed Khanorcid22.jpg, Hajvery University, Lahore, Pakistan, tanveerahmedkhan754@gmail.com


Dr. Sabah Hussien El-Ghaiesh orcid22.jpg, Tanta University, Egypt, s.ghaiesh@gmail.com


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Keywords: Cancer, breast cancer, incidence, occurrence, risk factors

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How to Cite
Anjum, F., N. Razvi, A. Maqbool, and N. Jahan. “A REVIEW OF BREAST CANCER RISK FACTORS”. Universal Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 2, no. 5, Sept. 2017, doi:https://doi.org/10.22270/ujpr.v2i5.RW2.
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