Article Received- Egypt-Pending

Syzygiumaromaticum- Role in oral health and dental care

Marwa A.A.Fayed

Pharmacognosy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sadat City, Egypt.


Recently great interest is drawn to the use of many traditional herbal preparations used for the treatment of oral and dental problems. Several products of natural origin are used for medical applications mainly in anti-inflammatory, wound healing, anti-microbial,and antioxidant activities.Syzygiumaromaticum commonly known as Clove, known flower buds of aromatic tree from Family Myrtaceae, is one of the very important herbs for treatment oforal and dental problems. It is used in different oral pharmaceutical products like toothpastes,mouthwashes, and drugs. Clove volatile oil is very rich in eugenol (80-90 %) which possesses an analgesic activity in patients experiencing dental pain as well asitsantiseptic and antimicrobial activities useful to treatthe mouth cavities, toothaches, sensitive gums, foul breath, periodontal disease, gum sores and oral ulcers. Clove gel is applied for topical dental anaesthesia an alternative to benzocaine, especially for children. It is found commercially in the form of a tincture (1:5, 25 % in ethanol), mouthwashes,andlozenges. Clove buds are used in several countries as a spice as well as its use in several industries as flavouring and colouring agents in food industry. Clove has several biological effects as an anti-microbial, antioxidant, antitumor, local anaesthetic as well as its cardiovascular activity.

Key words: Clove, eugenol, periodontal disease, antibacterial, local anaesthetic.


Corresponding Author

Author:Marwa A.A.Fayed

Lecturer of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Pharmacognosy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sadat City, Egypt.