IODINE INTAKE AND CANCER

  • George Zhu University Hospital Leiden, The Netherlands
  • Hernando Vargas-Uricoechea Universidad del Cauca, Colombia.

Abstract

Objectives: Iodine is a trace element that is essential for the synthesis of thyroid hormone. Both chronic iodine deficiency or iodine excess have been associated with hypertrophy and hyperplasia of follicular cells in thyroid gland and the influence of thyroid hormone (T3, T4) and thyrotropin (TSH) secretion. Increase rates of the thyroid cancer are increasing after radiation exposure to 131I in children or aldolescents.


Methodology: In respective published reports in literature and in combination of our previous study, dietary iodine excess goiter, iodine induced hyperthyroidism (IIH) and IIT, Iodine intake and the prevalence of papillary carcinoma (PTC), as well as the case-control and cohort studies of thyroid cancer and intake of seafood and milk products, were systematically reviewed. Relative factors that should be considered when studying the effect of dietary iodine in the development of thyroid cancer include screening programs, pathological criteria, diagnostic techniques, radioactive iodine, and standard of medical care in the studied population.


Results and conclusion: In current surveys, papillary thyroid carcinoma forms the largest group of thyroid malignancies, after iodine intake excess or iodine prophylaxis where an increase in the papillary: follicular carcinoma ratio was uncovered. Also, there is clear temporal relationship in many countries between introduction of iodine intake excess especially as to radioactive iodine and an increase in incidence of PTC. Iodine goiter, IIH and IIT were also noted. Autoimmune hashimoto's thyroiditis are linked to dietary iodine. Dietary iodine intake is another care of environmental relevance factor in thyroid diseases and papillary carcinoma. Available evidence of oncogenic thyroid hormone receptor mutants from animal experiments and clinical investigation have been a shift toward the oncogenic function of human thyroid carcinoma, and also its target therapy.


                   rw7.gif


Peer Review History:


Received:  May 2021; Revised:  June; Accepted:  June, Available online: 15 July 2021


Academic Editor: Ahmad Najiborcid22.jpg, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Makassar, Indonesia, ahmad.najib@umi.ac.id


UJPR follows the most transparent and toughest ‘Advanced OPEN peer review’ system. The identity of the authors and, reviewers will be known to each other. This transparent process will help to eradicate any possible malicious/purposeful interference by any person (publishing staff, reviewer, editor, author, etc) during peer review. As a result of this unique system, all reviewers will get their due recognition and respect, once their names are published in the papers. We expect that, by publishing peer review reports with published papers, will be helpful to many authors for drafting their article according to the specifications. Auhors will remove any error of their article and they will improve their article(s) according to the previous reports displayed with published article(s). The main purpose of it is ‘to improve the quality of a candidate manuscript’. Our reviewers check the ‘strength and weakness of a manuscript honestly’. There will increase in the perfection, and transparency. 


Received file:blue_23983.gif                Reviewer's Comments:download_logo_r_29189.gif


Average Peer review marks at initial stage: 5.0/10


Average Peer review marks at publication stage: 7.0/10


Reviewer(s) detail:


Prof. Dr. A. Hakan AKTAŞorcid22.jpg, Süleyman Demirel University, Faculty of Science and Art, Department of Chemistry, Isparta-Turkey, hakanaktas@sdu.edu.tr


Dr. Vladimir Zaichickorcid22.jpg, Radionuclide Diagnostics Department, Medical Radiological Research Centre, Obninsk, 249036, Russia. vzaichick@gmail.com


Dr. U. S. Mahadeva Raoorcid22.jpg, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Terengganu Malaysiaraousm@gmail.com


Similar Articles:


TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH ADVANCED CANCER FOLLOWING CHEMOTHERAPY AND TRADITIONAL MEDICINE - LONG TERM FOLLOW UP OF 75 CASES


EpCAM- AN OLD CANCER ANTIGEN, TURNED ONCOGENIC RECEPTOR AND ITS TARGETING IMMUNOTHERAPY

Keywords: Iodine excess goiter, IIH and IIT, oncogenic thyroid hormone receptor mutants, the pattern of papillary carcinoma (PTC)

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Comments

Statistics
89 Views | 73 Downloads
How to Cite
Zhu, G., and H. Vargas-Uricoechea. “IODINE INTAKE AND CANCER”. Universal Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 6, no. 3, July 2021, doi:https://doi.org/10.22270/ujpr.v6i3.610.
Section
Review Articles