RISK FACTORS OF PERIODONTAL DISEASES AMONG YEMENI YOUNG DENTAL PATIENTS

  • Manal M. Al-Hajri Oral Medicine, Oral Diagnosis and Periodontology Department, Sanaa University, Yemen.
  • Abdoalbassed Mofudal Oral Medicine, Oral Diagnosis and Periodontology Department, Sanaa University, Yemen.
  • Alea A Al-Shami Oral Medicine, Oral Diagnosis and Periodontology Department, Sanaa University, Yemen.
  • Laila Al-Surihy Oral Medicine, Oral Diagnosis and Periodontology Department, Sanaa University, Yemen.
  • Nusaibe M. Ali Oral Medicine, Oral Diagnosis and Periodontology Department, Sanaa University, Yemen.

Abstract

Periodontal diseasesare chronic infectious diseases that lead to the inflammation of specialized tissues that surround and support the teeth. Many risk factors and risk indicators, associated with increased risk of periodontal disease, have been identified. Gender, age, education, tooth brushing habit, smoking, khat chewing and shamaa use were associated with periodontal status in Yemen. Accordingly, the aim of our study is to assess the prevalence and related risk factors for periodontal diseases  among Yemeni young dental patients in the faculty of dentistry Sanaa university.735 subjects (both males and females) and systemic free. Clinical examinations were performed including probing pocket depth, plaque index, gingival index and gingival recession. 110 Patients were less than 20 years and  9.1% healthy, 36.4% gingivitis, 22.7% generalized chronic periodontitis (GCP), 4.5% localized aggressive periodontitis (LAP), 27.3% generalized gingivitis with localized chronic periodontitis (LCP) and 0.0% generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP). 625 Patients were more than 20 years and less than 29 years and 13.6% healthy, 8.7% gingivitis, 29.1% generalized chronic periodontitis (GCP), 2.7% localized aggressive periodontitis (LAP), 45.6% generalized gingivitis with localized chronic periodontitis (LCP) and 0.2% generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP).Age, gender, education, tooth brushing habit, smoking, khat chewing and shamaa use habit were significantly (≤ 0.05) associated with periodontal status. The study confirmed various socio‑demographic risk factors/indictors associated with increased risk of periodontitis among Yemeni young dental patients.


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Peer Review History:


Received 9 October 2017;   Revised 22 October; Accepted 28 October, Available online 15 November 2017


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Received file:blue_23983.gif        Reviewer's Comments:download_logo_r_29189.gif


Average Peer review marks at initial stage: 5.5/10


Average Peer review marks at publication stage: 8.0/10


Reviewer(s) detail:


Dr. Emmanuel O. Olorunsolaorcid22.jpg, Department of Pharmaceutics & Pharmaceutical Technology, University of Uyo, Nigeria, olorunsolaeo@yahoo.com


Dr. Sabah Hussien El-Ghaiesh orcid22.jpg, Tanta University, Egypt, s.ghaiesh@gmail.com


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Keywords: periodontal disease, prevalence, risk factors/indicators, khat

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How to Cite
Al-Hajri, M., A. Mofudal, A. Al-Shami, L. Al-Surihy, and N. Ali. “RISK FACTORS OF PERIODONTAL DISEASES AMONG YEMENI YOUNG DENTAL PATIENTS”. Universal Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 2, no. 5, Sept. 2017, doi:https://doi.org/10.22270/ujpr.v2i5.CS1.