Plagiarism is a serious issue all around the world in the arena of manuscript writing. Plagiarism means “Use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one’s own original work.” Plagiarism is the use of others' published and unpublished ideas or words (or other intellectual property) without attribution or permission, and presenting them as new and original rather than derived from an existing source. It is potentially considered as the most prevalent form of scientific dishonesty discovered in research papers.
All manuscripts submitted for publication to UJPR are cross-checked for plagiarism using Turnitin.
The intent and effect of plagiarism is to mislead the reader as to the contributions of the plagiarizer. This applies whether the ideas or words are taken from abstracts, research grant applications, Institutional Review Board applications, or unpublished or published manuscripts in any publication format. Plagiarism is scientific misconduct and should be addressed as such. The most important reason behind plagiarism as spotted is lack of knowledge about the subject. And when the researchers are trapped with deficient time, in experienced writing skills and the pressure in order get their work published in some decent journals, the authors surreptitiously take access others’ work and commit plagiarism.
The following types of plagiarism are considered by UJPR:
- Full Plagiarism: Previously published content without any changes to the text, idea and grammar is considered as full plagiarism. It involves presenting exact text from a source as one’s own.
- Partial Plagiarism: If content is a mixture from multiple different sources, where the author has extensively rephrased text, then it is known as partial plagiarism.
- Self-Plagiarism: When an author reuses complete or portions of their pre-published research, then it is known as self-plagiarism. Complete self-plagiarism is a case when an author republishes their own previously published work in a new journal.
Authors report plagiarism in the following ways:
- Inform the editor of the journal where a plagiarized article is published by email at email@example.com.
- Send original and plagiarized articles with plagiarized part highlighted.
- If evidence of plagiarism is convincing, editor should arrange for a disciplinary meeting.
- Editor of the journal where the plagiarized article should communicate with the editor of the journal containing the original article to rectify the matter.
- The plagiarist should be asked to provide an explanation.
- In case of non response in the stipulated time or an unsatisfactory explanation, the article should be permanently retracted.
- Author should be blacklisted and debarred for submitted an article to a particular journal for at least 1 Yr.
- The concerned head of the institution has to be notified.